Migration, Remittances and the Labor Supply of the Left-Behind Elderly: Evidence from Rural Vietnam (2016) with John Giles
Heath Insurance and Female Labor Force Participation: Evidence from Vietnam (2015) (in progress)
Social Pension and Spousal Labor Supply (2016)
Education and Family Background in the Transition to Wage Employment in Nigeria (2015) with John Giles
Essays on the left-behinds in emerging countries
Abstract: This dissertation consists of three independent papers on the left-behind children in China and the left-behind elderly in Thailand and Vietnam. The first paper addresses how school fees in urban areas affect child migration in China. Our findings suggest that higher fees deter migrant workers from bringing their children to urban areas, and more vulnerable migrant workers are most affected by an increase in school fees. The second paper investigates the impacts of adult children’s internal migration and remittances on the labor supply responses of the rural left-behind parents in Vietnam. The results show that mothers tend to work more if they have migrant children, and they tend to work less when they receive remittances from their migrant children. Conversely, fathers tend to be less affected by child migration and their remittances. The third paper examines the impacts of the universal social pension introduced in Thailand in 2009 on the well-being and the labor supply responses of the recipients and their spouses. The empirical results show that the social pension scheme does not generate significant impacts on household poverty status or expenditures, but receiving social pensions has a significant negative impact on beneficiaries' own labor market participation. Further, both men and women are found to respond to their spouses' pensions by leaving their jobs and staying inactive.
(Defended on August 30, 2017 at the Paris School of Economics)